How to Make a Histogram in Excel from a Frequency Table: A Step-by-Step Guide

Creating a histogram in Excel from a frequency table is a straightforward process that lets you visualize how data is distributed. First, you need to have your frequency table ready. This table should have two columns: one for the data ranges (or bins) and one for the frequencies (how many times data falls within each range). Then, using Excel’s charting tools, you can quickly transform these numbers into a histogram.

How to Make a Histogram in Excel from a Frequency Table

In this tutorial, you’ll learn how to create a histogram in Excel using a frequency table. This process will help you visually represent the distribution of your data.

Step 1: Open Excel and Input Your Data

First, open Excel and enter your data ranges and frequencies into two columns.

Make sure your data ranges are in one column (e.g., Column A) and the corresponding frequencies are in the next column (e.g., Column B). Label these columns for clarity.

Step 2: Select Your Data

Next, click and drag to highlight the data ranges and frequencies.

Ensure you select all the relevant cells, including the column headers if you labeled them. This selection tells Excel which data to use for the histogram.

Step 3: Insert a Chart

Go to the "Insert" tab and click on the "Histogram" chart icon.

You’ll find the Histogram option under the "Charts" group. If you don’t see it, look for the "Statistical Chart" dropdown menu.

Step 4: Choose Histogram

From the drop-down menu, choose the Histogram chart type.

Excel will automatically create a basic histogram chart based on the data you’ve selected. This chart will appear on your worksheet.

Step 5: Customize Your Histogram

Finally, customize your histogram to better represent your data.

You can change the chart title, adjust the bin sizes, and format the axes to make your histogram more informative and visually appealing. Use the Chart Tools that appear when you click on your histogram.

After completing these steps, you’ll have a histogram that visually represents the distribution of your data based on your frequency table.

Tips for Making a Histogram in Excel from a Frequency Table

  • Double-check Your Data: Ensure that your frequency table is accurate before creating the histogram.
  • Use Clear Labels: Label your data ranges and frequencies clearly to avoid confusion.
  • Adjust Bin Sizes: Modify the bin sizes in the histogram settings to best represent your data distribution.
  • Explore Chart Tools: Use Excel’s Chart Tools to format and customize your histogram for better readability.
  • Save Your Work: Save your Excel file frequently to avoid losing your data and chart.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is a histogram?

A histogram is a type of bar chart that shows the distribution of data over a continuous interval or certain time period.

Why use a frequency table?

A frequency table helps organize data into categories, making it easier to create a histogram and understand the data distribution.

Can I edit the bins in a histogram?

Yes, you can adjust the bin sizes and ranges in Excel’s histogram settings to better fit your data.

Do I need any special Excel versions?

Most modern versions of Excel (Excel 2016 and later) have built-in tools for creating histograms.

What if my data ranges aren’t numeric?

Histograms are best for numeric data. If your data ranges are non-numeric, consider using a different chart type like a bar chart.


  1. Open Excel and input your data.
  2. Select your data.
  3. Insert a chart.
  4. Choose Histogram.
  5. Customize your histogram.


Creating a histogram in Excel from a frequency table is a valuable skill for anyone working with data. It offers a clear visual representation of data distribution, making it easier to identify patterns and insights. Whether you’re a student, a teacher, or a data analyst, mastering this technique can enhance your data interpretation capabilities.

Remember, practice makes perfect. The more you play around with Excel’s charting tools, the more comfortable you’ll become. If you run into any issues, there are plenty of resources and tutorials available online. Don’t be afraid to experiment with different settings and customization options to create the most informative histogram possible. Happy charting!

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