How to Merge Tables in Excel: A Step-by-Step Guide for Beginners

Merging tables in Excel might sound tricky, but it’s actually a straightforward process once you understand the steps. By using simple techniques, you can combine data from different tables into one cohesive table, making your data analysis more efficient. Whether you are dealing with small datasets or large ones, this guide will help you merge tables like a pro.

Step-by-Step Tutorial on How to Merge Tables in Excel

By following these steps, you’ll successfully merge tables in Excel. You’ll learn how to use methods like VLOOKUP and Power Query to combine your data effortlessly.

Step 1: Open Your Excel File

Before you begin, open the Excel file that contains the tables you want to merge.

Make sure that all the tables you plan to combine are in the same Excel workbook. This will simplify the process and make it easier for you to manage your data.

Step 2: Ensure Tables Have a Common Column

Identify a common column (or key) that exists in both tables.

This common column is essential because it acts as a unique identifier, allowing you to correctly match data from one table with data in the other.

Step 3: Use the VLOOKUP Function

In a new column, use the VLOOKUP function to pull data from one table into the other.

The VLOOKUP function will help you retrieve data from the second table based on the common column, making the merging process seamless.

Step 4: Copy and Paste Values

Once you have used VLOOKUP, copy the resulting data and paste it as values.

Pasting as values ensures that your merged data remains static and doesn’t change if the source data changes.

Step 5: Use Power Query (Alternative Method)

For larger datasets, consider using Power Query to merge tables.

Power Query is more robust for larger volumes of data and offers additional features for cleaning and transforming data before merging.

After completing these steps, you’ll see that the data from both tables has been combined into a single, unified table. This makes it easier to analyze and visualize your data.

Tips for Merging Tables in Excel

  • Check for Duplicates: Ensure there are no duplicate entries in your common column to avoid mismatches.
  • Format Consistently: Make sure both tables have consistent formatting for the common column.
  • Backup Your Data: Always create a backup of your original tables before merging.
  • Use Named Ranges: Named ranges can simplify applying functions like VLOOKUP.
  • Explore Power Query: It’s a powerful tool for more complex data merging tasks.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is a common column?

A common column is a column that exists in both tables and contains the same type of data, used to match rows between the tables.

Can I merge more than two tables?

Yes, you can merge multiple tables by repeating the merging process for each additional table.

What if my tables have different column names?

You can still merge them, but you’ll need to rename columns to match or use Power Query to handle the differences.

Is it possible to undo the merging?

If you’ve pasted as values, undoing might be tricky. Always keep a backup of your original data.

How do I handle missing data?

You can use Excel functions like IFERROR to manage missing data when using VLOOKUP.


  1. Open Your Excel File.
  2. Ensure Tables Have a Common Column.
  3. Use the VLOOKUP Function.
  4. Copy and Paste Values.
  5. Use Power Query (Alternative Method).


Merging tables in Excel doesn’t have to be a daunting task. With the steps outlined here, you can easily combine data from multiple tables into a single, cohesive data set. Whether using VLOOKUP or Power Query, each method offers a reliable way to merge tables, depending on the size and complexity of your data.

Remember to always keep a backup of your original data, just in case something goes awry. Also, take time to explore the features of Power Query if you handle large datasets frequently. It can automate and simplify repetitive tasks, saving you both time and effort.

So, why not give it a try? Merge those tables and take your data analysis to the next level!

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