How to Multiply in Excel Formula: A Step-by-Step Guide for Beginners

If you need to multiply numbers in Excel, it’s easy and quick to do with formulas. By following a few simple steps, you can have Excel do the math for you in no time. Basically, you’ll be entering a formula into a cell, and then letting Excel do all the heavy lifting. By the end of this guide, you’ll know how to multiply numbers in Excel like a pro.

How to Multiply in Excel Formula

To perform multiplication in Excel, you’ll use the asterisk (*) symbol. This guide will walk you through the steps needed to do this, whether you’re multiplying individual cells, ranges, or even using functions for more complex tasks.

Step 1: Open your Excel spreadsheet

First, open the Excel file where you want to perform the multiplication.

Opening your Excel spreadsheet is as simple as double-clicking on the file. Once it’s open, you should see all the data you’ve inputted. Make sure the cells you want to multiply are visible.

Step 2: Click on the cell where you want the result

Next, select the cell where you want the result of the multiplication to appear.

Clicking on the desired cell lets you tell Excel where to show the results. Think of this like preparing a canvas before you start painting.

Step 3: Enter the formula

Type the equal sign (=), followed by the cells you want to multiply, separated by an asterisk (). For example, "=A1B1".

Entering the formula is like giving Excel the recipe to follow. When you type "=A1*B1", you’re telling Excel to take the value in cell A1 and multiply it by the value in cell B1.

Step 4: Press Enter

After typing your formula, hit the Enter key on your keyboard.

Pressing Enter tells Excel to execute the formula. The cell you selected in Step 2 will now display the result of the multiplication.

Step 5: Verify the result

Double-check that the multiplication result is correct.

It’s always good practice to ensure that the result shown is what you expected. If there’s a mistake, you might need to go back and double-check the cells and the formula you entered.

Once you complete these steps, Excel will display the result of the multiplication in the cell you selected. You can use this method to multiply as many cells and ranges as you need.

Tips for Multiplying in Excel Formula

  • *Always use the asterisk ():** Never forget to use the asterisk symbol for multiplication; other symbols won’t work.
  • Check cell formats: Ensure your cells are formatted correctly, especially if you are multiplying numbers with decimals.
  • Use the PRODUCT function for multiple cells: If you need to multiply many cells, consider using the PRODUCT function for simplicity.
  • Beware of empty cells: Multiplying by an empty cell will result in zero.
  • Name your ranges: For easier readability, name the cell ranges you frequently multiply.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the PRODUCT function in Excel?

The PRODUCT function multiplies all the numbers given as arguments.

Can I multiply more than two cells at once?

Yes, you can multiply multiple cells by using the PRODUCT function or by chaining cells together in the formula.

Why is my multiplication result zero?

Check if any of the cells you’re multiplying are empty or contain zero.

How do I multiply an entire column by a constant number?

You can multiply an entire column by a constant number by using the formula and dragging it down the column.

Can I multiply text in Excel?

No, Excel cannot multiply text; the cells need to contain numerical values.


  1. Open your Excel spreadsheet.
  2. Click on the cell where you want the result.
  3. Enter the formula.
  4. Press Enter.
  5. Verify the result.


Multiplying numbers in Excel is straightforward once you get the hang of it. This guide showed you how to enter a formula, use Excel’s functions, and provided tips and FAQs to deepen your understanding. Mastering these skills can make your life easier, especially when dealing with large datasets. If you found this article helpful, consider exploring other Excel functions and features to boost your productivity even further. Excel is like a Swiss Army knife for data – it has a tool for almost everything, and learning how to multiply is just the beginning.

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