How to Combine Two Columns in Excel: A Step-by-Step Guide

Combining two columns in Excel is a simple yet powerful trick that can streamline your data management. By following a few straightforward steps, you can merge information from two separate columns into a single column, making your data more cohesive and easier to analyze.

How to Combine Two Columns in Excel

In this tutorial, you’ll learn how to combine two columns in Excel using a formula. This process will allow you to merge data from two separate columns into one. It’s particularly useful for combining first and last names, addresses, or any other related pieces of data.

Step 1: Open Your Excel Spreadsheet

Open the Excel file that contains the columns you want to combine.

Before you start, make sure you have your Excel file ready and that the columns you want to combine are next to each other or you know their exact location.

Step 2: Select the Cell for the Combined Data

Click on the cell where you want the combined data to appear.

Selecting the right cell is crucial as this will be the location where your new, merged column will start. It’s typically a good idea to place it in an empty column to avoid overwriting any existing data.

Step 3: Enter the Combine Formula

Type the formula =A1 & " " & B1 into the selected cell, replacing A1 and B1 with the addresses of the cells you want to combine.

The ampersand (&) is used to concatenate, or join, the data from the two columns. The quotation marks with a space in between (" ") add a space between the two pieces of data.

Step 4: Copy the Formula Down

Drag the fill handle (a small square at the bottom-right corner of the cell) down to apply the formula to additional rows.

This step will replicate the formula for all the rows you want to combine. Make sure to drag down only as far as your data goes to avoid combining empty cells or irrelevant data.

Step 5: Convert the Formulas to Values

Right-click the cells with the combined data, select "Copy," then right-click again and choose "Paste Values."

This will turn the formulas into static text, preventing any changes if the original columns are modified. It’s a vital step for ensuring your combined data remains intact.

Once you’ve completed these steps, your two columns will be combined into one. This new column will contain the merged information from the original columns, making your data cleaner and more organized.

Tips for Combining Two Columns in Excel

  1. Check for Consistency: Ensure that the data in the columns you’re combining is consistent to avoid any unexpected results.
  2. Use Helper Columns: If you’re working with a lot of data, using a helper column can make the process easier to manage.
  3. Backup Your Data: Always make a backup of your original data before combining columns, just in case something goes wrong.
  4. Use CONCATENATE Function: Instead of the & operator, you can use =CONCATENATE(A1, " ", B1) for the same result.
  5. Check for Extra Spaces: Be mindful of extra spaces that might be added during the combination, which can be cleaned up using the TRIM function.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can I combine more than two columns?

Yes, you can combine multiple columns by extending the formula. For example, =A1 & " " & B1 & " " & C1.

What if the data is in different worksheets?

You can reference cells from different worksheets by including the worksheet name, e.g., =Sheet1!A1 & " " & Sheet2!B1.

Can I use a different separator?

Absolutely! Just replace " " with whatever separator you prefer, like a comma or a dash.

Will this method work in Google Sheets?

Yes, the method works similarly in Google Sheets using the & operator or CONCATENATE function.

How do I handle empty cells?

You can use the IF function to handle empty cells, e.g., =IF(A1="",B1,A1 & " " & B1).


  1. Open your Excel file.
  2. Select the cell for the combined data.
  3. Enter the combine formula.
  4. Copy the formula down.
  5. Convert formulas to values.


Combining two columns in Excel can significantly simplify data handling, especially when working with large datasets. By following the steps outlined in this tutorial, you can easily merge data from separate columns into one cohesive column. This method not only saves time but also enhances the readability and utility of your data.

Feel free to explore other Excel functions that can further streamline your data management tasks. Whether you’re a beginner or a seasoned pro, mastering these techniques can open up new possibilities for how you handle and analyze data.

So, next time you’re faced with the task of combining columns in Excel, you’ll know exactly what to do!

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