How to Convert Number to Text in Excel: A Step-by-Step Guide

How to Convert Number to Text in Excel

Converting numbers to text in Excel can be a lifesaver, especially when dealing with data that needs to be in text format for various reasons. You can easily change numbers to text using built-in Excel functions and formulas. This guide will walk you through the process, ensuring you can complete this task quickly and efficiently.

Step-by-Step Tutorial: How to Convert Number to Text in Excel

This section will guide you through the necessary steps to convert numbers to text in Excel, using simple and effective methods.

Step 1: Open Your Excel Worksheet

First, open the Excel worksheet where you need to convert numbers to text.

Make sure your Excel file is open and that you have a clear view of the data you are working with. This will help you follow along with the steps more easily.

Step 2: Select the Cell with the Number

Next, click on the cell that contains the number you want to convert to text.

Selecting the right cell ensures that you are applying the conversion to the correct data point. Double-check the cell reference to avoid mistakes.

Step 3: Use the TEXT Function

In the formula bar, type =TEXT(A1, "0"), replacing A1 with the actual cell reference.

The TEXT function in Excel allows you to convert numbers to text with a specific format. This formula will change the number to a text string without changing its appearance.

Step 4: Press Enter

Press the Enter key to apply the formula.

Once you hit Enter, the number in the chosen cell will be converted to text according to the format you specified in the TEXT function.

Step 5: Copy the Formula to Other Cells

If you need to apply the same conversion to multiple cells, drag the fill handle from the corner of the cell with the formula to the other cells.

Copying the formula saves you time, especially when dealing with large datasets. Make sure all relevant cells have been converted properly.

After completing these steps, your numbers should now be displayed as text in the selected cells.

Tips for Converting Number to Text in Excel

  • Use Custom Formats: Adjust the format in the TEXT function to suit your needs, such as adding currency symbols or decimal places.
  • Use CONCATENATE for More Complex Text: Combine the TEXT function with CONCATENATE or & to create more complex text strings.
  • Check for Leading Zeros: If your numbers have leading zeros, ensure the text format preserves them by specifying the correct format in the TEXT function.
  • Apply Format Cells: Alternatively, you can right-click the cell, choose "Format Cells," and select "Text" to convert numbers to text.
  • Use VALUE to Convert Back: If you need to revert text back to numbers, use the VALUE function.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can I Convert Multiple Numbers at Once?

Yes, you can use the fill handle to drag the formula across multiple cells, converting all selected numbers to text simultaneously.

What If My Numbers Have Decimals?

You can specify the format in the TEXT function to include decimal places by using "0.00" or "0.000" depending on your needs.

Will the Conversion Affect Formulas?

Converting numbers to text can affect formulas that rely on numerical calculations. Ensure to account for this when applying the conversion.

Can I Use VBA for Conversion?

Yes, VBA can be used for more advanced conversions, especially for large datasets or repetitive tasks. However, this requires some knowledge of coding in Excel.

Does This Work in All Versions of Excel?

Yes, the methods described work in all recent versions of Excel, including Excel 2010, 2013, 2016, 2019, and Microsoft 365.


  1. Open your Excel worksheet.
  2. Select the cell with the number.
  3. Use the TEXT function.
  4. Press Enter.
  5. Copy the formula to other cells if needed.


Converting numbers to text in Excel is a straightforward task that can be accomplished using various methods. Whether you use the TEXT function, custom formatting, or more advanced techniques like VBA, the key is to choose the method that best suits your needs. Remember to double-check your work, especially if you are working with large datasets or complex formulas. With these tips and steps, you should be able to handle any number-to-text conversion tasks easily.

For further reading, consider exploring more advanced Excel functions and how they can help streamline your data management processes. If you found this guide helpful, why not share it with your colleagues or friends who might benefit from learning how to convert number to text in Excel? Happy Excel-ing!

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