How to Freeze Multiple Columns in Excel: A Step-by-Step Guide

If you’re working on a large spreadsheet in Excel and need to keep certain columns in view while scrolling, you can freeze them. This guide will show you how to freeze multiple columns in Excel, making it easier to manage and analyze data without losing track of important information.

Step-by-Step Tutorial on How to Freeze Multiple Columns in Excel

Freezing multiple columns in Excel allows you to lock specific columns in place so that they remain visible as you scroll horizontally. Follow these steps to achieve this:

Step 1: Open Your Excel Spreadsheet

Open the Excel file where you want to freeze multiple columns.

This step is straightforward. Locate the file on your computer, double-click it to open, and ensure it contains the data you want to work with.

Step 2: Select the Column Next to the Ones You Want to Freeze

Click on the letter of the column that is immediately to the right of the columns you wish to freeze.

For instance, if you want to freeze columns A and B, you would click on the letter C. This tells Excel that the columns to the left of the selected one should be frozen.

Step 3: Go to the View Tab

Navigate to the View tab on the Excel ribbon.

This tab is at the top of the screen and contains various options for changing how your spreadsheet is displayed.

Step 4: Click on the Freeze Panes Dropdown

In the View tab, find and click on the Freeze Panes dropdown.

This dropdown includes different options for freezing parts of your spreadsheet.

Step 5: Select "Freeze Panes"

From the dropdown menu, click on the "Freeze Panes" option.

By selecting this option, you instruct Excel to freeze the columns to the left of your selection. This action locks those columns in place as you scroll horizontally.

Once you’ve completed these steps, the selected columns will remain visible no matter how far you scroll to the right. This makes it easier to compare data across different parts of your spreadsheet.

Tips for Freezing Multiple Columns in Excel

  • Always Save Your Work: Before making any changes, save your spreadsheet to avoid any potential data loss.
  • Preview Before Freezing: Scroll through your data to make sure the columns you want to freeze are correct.
  • Use Freeze Top Row: If you need to keep the top row visible as well as multiple columns, combine "Freeze Top Row" with "Freeze Panes."
  • Unfreeze Panes: You can always go back to the Freeze Panes dropdown and select "Unfreeze Panes" if you need to make changes.
  • Practice: The more you use this feature, the more comfortable you’ll become with it, making it easier to manage large data sets.

Frequently Asked Questions

How do I unfreeze columns in Excel?

To unfreeze columns, go to the View tab, click on the Freeze Panes dropdown, and select "Unfreeze Panes."

Can I freeze rows and columns simultaneously?

Yes, you can freeze both rows and columns by selecting a cell below the rows and to the right of the columns you want to freeze, and then using the Freeze Panes option.

Will freezing columns affect my data?

No, freezing columns only changes the view, not the actual data in your spreadsheet.

Can I freeze non-contiguous columns?

No, Excel only allows you to freeze contiguous columns. For non-contiguous columns, you’d need a different method such as hiding and unhiding columns.

What versions of Excel support freezing multiple columns?

Freezing multiple columns is supported in most versions of Excel, including Excel 2010, 2013, 2016, 2019, and Microsoft 365.


  1. Open your Excel spreadsheet.
  2. Select the column next to the ones you want to freeze.
  3. Go to the View tab.
  4. Click on the Freeze Panes dropdown.
  5. Select "Freeze Panes."


Freezing multiple columns in Excel can be a game-changer for managing large data sets. It simplifies the process of comparing values and ensures that key information stays in view as you navigate your spreadsheet. By following the steps outlined in this guide, you’ll be able to freeze columns with ease and improve your data analysis workflow.

If you’re keen on mastering Excel, consider exploring other features like PivotTables and advanced formulas. These tools can provide even greater control over your data.

Remember, practice makes perfect. The more you experiment with freezing panes and other Excel features, the more proficient you’ll become. So, don’t hesitate—open up an Excel file and start freezing those columns today!

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